I have built 18 spiral stairways in the last 15 years, all … This allows for a large number of permutations. "L" shaped stairways have one landing and usually change in direction by 90 degrees. A door may swing across the landing at the bottom of the flight but must leave a clear space of at least 400 across the whole landing, Tapered steps – Special considerations can be made for loft conversions. There is no requirement for private stairs. The following stair measurements are important: Stairs can take a large number of forms, combining winders and landings. Special types of stairs include escalators and ladders. To understand the logic we have to go back to the Medieval times, when spiral staircases were designed for castles and fortresses. The best selection of Royalty Free Castle Staircase Vector Art, Graphics and Stock Illustrations. k5855772 Fotosearch Stock Photography and Stock Footage helps you find the perfect photo or footage, fast! Width of flights – Laura Garner added this to My Houzz: Medieval Meets Contemporary in Montreal October 7, 2013. Sélesta custom designed the staircase … 258. Maximum vertical height between floors or landings. Helical or circular stairs do not have a central pole and there is a handrail on both sides. Another, more classical, form of handrailing which is still in use is the tangent method. You also have to be under the age of sixty to be allowed to climb the staircase, as it has been known to cause heart attacks! Not allow doors to swing over steps; the arc of doors must be completely on the landing/floor. For other uses, see, "Circular staircase" redirects here. Use of landings and a possible change of direction have the following effects: Other forms include stairs with winders that curve or bend at an acute angle, three flight stairs that join at a landing to form a T-shape, and stairs with balconies and complex designs can be produced to suit individual properties. Medieval Life Medieval Castle Castle Ruins History Medieval Late Middle Ages Monuments Tower Of London Stairway To Heaven European History. No membership needed. A stairwell is a compartment extending vertically through a building in which stairs are placed. These stairs can be made out of steel, timber, concrete or a combination of materials. A fall can be halted at the landing point, reducing the distance someone would fall to reduce risks. Ergonomically and for safety reasons, stairs must have certain measurements so that people can comfortably use them. Medieval castle spiral staircase - as you can see it would be impossible to fight your way up such a flight of stairs - incredibly steep and curving away to the right all the time and a very tight fit. Spiral Staircase Dimensions & Sizes. See more ideas about minecraft, minecraft staircase, minecraft castle. Spiral Staircase kits. , The measurements of a stair, in particular the rise height and going of the steps, should remain the same along the stairs.. Spiral (double helix) stairs of the Vatican Museums. Kies uit premium Spiral Staircase beelden van de hoogste kwaliteit. Alternating tread stairs have been in use since at least 1888.. One major concern during those times were of course, the attacking enemies and these staircases were a brilliant way for inhabitants to protect themselves. Spiral steps with centre columns or perimeter support do not have this limitation. Spiral Staircase Diameter. The Kerrs were famous for being prone to lefthandedness. Every staircase designed by Geoffrey Bawa is unique says David Robson, the leading expert on Sri Lanka's best-known architect. Any rise between 150 and 220 used with any going between 220 and 300, Maximum Rise 220 and Minimum Going 220 remembering that the maximum pitch of private stairs is 42°. is an adjustable, economically The Nice1 51 in. Building codes may limit the use of spiral stairs to small areas or secondary usage if their treads are not sufficiently wide or have risers above nine and a half inches.. The size has to be comfortable for grasping and is typically between 1.25 and 2.675 inches (31.8 and 67.9 mm). Therefore, if the spiral is large in diameter, via having a central support column that is strong (invariably large in diameter) and a special handrail that helps to distribute the load, each step may be longer and therefore the rise between each step may be smaller (equal to that of regular steps). In medieval times, people use to build stone spiral staircases in their castles and have them wound clockwise so that the attacking swordsmen were at a disadvantage (at least the right-handed ones would be). Alternating tread stairs allow for a safe forward-facing descent of very steep stairs. Not all tower houses, for example, have rectangular floor plans. They typically have a handrail on the outer side only, and on the inner side just the central pole. A Z-shaped staircase incorporates two parallel 90° turns, creating a shape similar to that of the letter ‘Z’ if seen from above. Handrails may be continuous (sometimes called over-the-post) or post-to-post (or more accurately newel-to-newel). A stairlift is a mechanical device for lifting wheelchairs up and down stairs. Tower housing spiral staircase - Hôtel de Cluny. At corners, there are quarter-turn caps. Usually designed so that attackers climbing a clockwise staircase would find it hard to fight with their right hand, whilst descending defenders would have their right (sword) arm free. The minimum height of the handrail for landings may be different and is typically 36 inches (914 mm). Think again! Stairs are also a subject used in art to represent real or imaginary places built around impossible objects using geometric distortion, as in the work of artist M. C. Escher. There is no newel at Loretto Chapel's spiral staircase (the "Miracle stair") in Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States. While it does go around and the steps are tapered, the curve is more relaxed than a spiral staircase with steps are easier to navigate. Length of flights – The slope of alternating tread stairs can be as high as 65 degrees as opposed to standard stairs, which are almost always less than 45 degrees. There’s a spiral staircase that actually has an age limit.  In buildings, stairs is a term applied to a complete flight of steps between two floors. Dec 4, 2014. Both spiral and helical stairs can be characterized by the number of turns that are made. The stair treads are manufactured of multi-layered plywood with a birch wood veneer. Some alternatives to stairs are elevators (also called lifts), stairlifts, inclined moving walkways, and ramps. Usually designed so that attackers climbing a clockwise staircase would find it hard to fight with their right hand, whilst descending defenders would have their right (sword) arm free. Spiral Stairs Residential & commercial. For continuous handrails on long balconies, there may be multiple newels and tandem caps to cover the newels. Today, they are known for their space-saving design as well as their stylish and elegant appearance . In a Dezeen exclusive, he … For other uses, see, "Spiral staircase" redirects here. Minimum tread length, typically 9 inches (229 mm) excluding the nosing for private residences. A double string staircase has two steel beams on either side and treads in the center. Built from stone and wound in a clockwise direction if one was ascending, spiral stairs first appear in medieval times. Developments in manufacturing and design have led to the introduction of kit form spiral stairs. Image of construction, architecture, design - 127415375 Castle Spiral Staircase. The advantage of alternating tread stairs is that people can descend face forward. For over thirty years, Stairways Inc. has designed, produced, and delivered metal spiral staircases and metal spiral stair kits to commercial, industrial and residential clients throughout the United States as well as worldwide. NFPA 101 Life Safety Code Handbook Tenth Edition 2006, Coté and Harrington, Stairwell: Trapped in the World Trade Center, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "U.S. Access Board Guide to ADA Standards Chapter 4: Ramps and Curb Ramps", "Stair Part Terminology 2 - Useful Words To Know", "Floating staircases make their work look light and easy", "2018 International Residential Code Section R311 Means of Egress", "The Rise of the Anticlockwise Newel Stair", "Stair Safety: A Review of the Literature and Data Concerning Stair Geometry and Other Characteristics", "Stairs can pose a problem as you get older, so take steps now to ease the climb", The Building Regulations 2000: Protection from falling, collision and impact, "Architectural Barriers Texas Accessibility Standards", "Information and Technical Assistance on the Americans with Disabilities Act 504 Stairways", "Science and Technology/Structures/Long Stairway", Misaka Promenade, Japan's Longest Stone Steps, Stair maps (public stairways mainly in North America), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stairs&oldid=993179818#Spiral_and_helical_stairs, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles needing additional references from January 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Medieval spiral staircase - download this royalty free Stock Photo in seconds. Gamia Zink spiral staircase – the best choice Exterior spiral for the UK! The staircase is so tall that when the wind blows, it is said to bend and move by up to three foot in each direction – we’re not such we’d want to risk it! 66 steps Queen's Staircase in Nassau, Bahamas.  He specified that 2 x riser + tread = step length. For larger stairs, particularly in exterior applications, a landing can provide a place to rest the legs.  While clockwise spiral staircases are more common in castles than anti-clockwise, they were even more common in medieval structures without a military role such as religious buildings. Especially at the entrance of a large building stairs play an important role in the first impression of a building. American building codes, while varying from State to State and County to County, generally specify the following parameters:. Headroom – "U" shaped stairs may employ a single wider landing for a change in direction of 180 degrees, or 2 landings for two changes in direction of 90 degrees each. Metal Spiral Staircases from The Iron Shop can be as simple or as elegant as you like. Mandate handrails if there is more than a certain number of steps (typically 2 risers), Minimum width of the stairway, with and without handrails.  Studies of spiral stairs in castle have concluded that "the role and position of spirals in castles ... had a much stronger domestic and status role than a military function" and that "there are sufficient examples of anticlockwise stairs in Britain and France in [the 11th and 12th centuries] to indicate that the choice must have depended both on physical convenience and architectural practicalities and there was no military ideology that demanded clockwise staircases in the cause of fighting efficiency or advantage".. Wooden spiral stairs in the tower of Salisbury Cathedral, England. Jacob's Ladder, The Battleship Potemkin). Photo about Ancient spiral staircase, medieval staircase detail. A stair and a sculpture in the Fontevraud Abbey, Stairs of Death Concentration camp Mauthausen, prisoners in the quarry, Nabataean stairway in Beida ("Little Petra"), Jordan. A "quarter-turn" stair deposits the person facing 90 degrees from the starting orientation. Stairs may be straight, round, or may consist of two or more straight pieces connected at angles. Modern companies and construction utilize the opportunities of functional stairs to actually upgrade buildings. Handrail diameter. The simplest form is the straight flight of stairs, with neither winders nor landings. If you’re a fan of Game of Thrones or medieval programs in ... and dash up spiral staircases. Stairway, staircase, stairwell, flight of stairs or simply stairs are names for a construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps. Archaeological remains have told us that one of the first spiral staircases was constructed between 480-470 BC in Temple A in Selinunte, Sicily. is an adjustable, economically priced spiral staircase kit that features 12 stair treads and landing that complements and adds style to any interior living space. The simplest definition of your diameter is the width of your stair, as spiral stairs are round stairs. A decorative step at the bottom of the staircase which usually houses the volute and volute newel turning for a continuous handrail. For sufficiently wide stairs, a rail is mounted to the treads of the stairs, or attached to the wall. These types of stairs were commonly used in traditional homes as they are relatively easy to build and only need to be connected at the top and bottom; however, many modern properties may not choose straight flights of stairs because: Another form of straight staircase is the space saver staircase, also known as paddle stairs or alternating tread staircases, that can be used for a steeper rise, but these can only be used in certain circumstances and must comply with regulations. With daring shapes and diverse configurations, they can also be … Thus, the horizontal distance between steps is in this case reduced by a factor of two, reducing the size of each step. Stairs are also provided for convenience to access floors, roofs, levels and walking surfaces not accessible by other means. Black Spiral Staircase Kit The Nice1 51 in. The balustrade is the system of railings and balusters that prevents people from falling over the edge. Rococo Staircase at Palazzo Biscari's. Height of the handrail. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Then, to prepare the stair for exterior use, it goes through a "hot-dipped galvanizing process", which involves numerous steps to prepare the parts to be dipped into a vat of hot zinc. The horizontal distance between steps is reduced by a factor less than two if for construction reasons there are narrow "unused" steps. stringer or string - The structural member that supports the treads. The treads are designed such that they alternate between treads for each foot: one step is wide on the left side; the next step is wide on the right side. Spiral staircase in Le Louvre, Paris. Re: Medieval spiral staircases - apparently not defensive after all « Reply #7 on: April 22, 2020, 11:37:36 PM » Mm, leg and foot armour - someone with a mace could still break all your footbones without too much issue, it's not just leg-swipes with a sword to worry over. Where there is insufficient space for the full run length of normal stairs, alternating tread stairs may be used. A chair is attached to the rail and the person on the chair is lifted as the chair moves along the rail. Also, the spiral stairs in castle towers were designed to ascend clockwise, to make the attackers expose more of their body in order to use their swords in their right hands. As much as stairs are very functional, stairs can be very decorative and an impressive part of a building. Download 240+ Royalty Free Castle Staircase Vector Images. Spiral staircase, schadau castle, thun, switzerland, spiral staircase in the courtyard of a medieval castle. Spiral stairs, sometimes referred to in architectural descriptions as vice, wind around a newel (also the central pole). Believe it or not, you actually have to sign a … It is said that the spiral stairs were used to access a sacrificial altar. Box stairs are stairs built between walls, usually with no support except the wall strings. Stairs may change direction, commonly by two straight flights connected at a 90 degree angle landing. Riser-Tread formula: Sometimes the stair parameters will be something like riser plus tread equals 17–18 inches (432–457 mm); Low rise stairs are very expensive in terms of the space consumed. The stringers are notched so that the risers and treads fit into them. Stair Diameter. it is potentially more dangerous in that a fall is not interrupted until the bottom of the stairs. Square steel staircase in German look-out tower Klausenturm. Our in-house engineering, high-quality materials, and custom designs ensure every space-saving metal spiral staircase kit and metal floating stairs kit are perfect for your next project.. A continuous spiral may make many turns depending on the height. Outdoor stairway on the Alameda Ridge in Portland, Oregon, United States. Medieval; May 23, 2017 Milica Sterjova. These are typically cases where the stairwell must be a small diameter by design or must not have any center support by design or may not have any perimeter support. A stair hall is the stairs, landings, hallways, or other portions of the public hall through which it is necessary to pass when going from the entrance floor to the other floors of a building. opace A dramatic spiral staircase ascends to a semicircular gallery connecting the master suite, second bedroom, and lounge. Here we’ve shared three fascinating facts about spiral staircases that will teach you a little bit about their history and how they were used back in the medieval times. Palazzo Biscari, a privately owned villa … Medieval glossary. No membership needed. In self-supporting stairs the spiral needs to be steep to allow the weight to distribute safely down the spiral in the most vertical manner possible. Circular staircases date back to medieval times and were often built out of stone in castles. in St George Wharf Tower) have modern and luxurious installations. Mar 13, 2011 - This Pin was discovered by Alisha Wilson. Paragon’s designs begin with a few base spiral staircase dimensions. Medieval spiral staircase Stock Photography - Fotosearch Enhanced. Multiple stairs inside the Federal Palace of Switzerland. This means that anyone coming up the stairs must use their sword in their left hand. The earliest spiral staircases appear in Temple A in the Greek colony Selinunte, Sicily, to both sides of the cella. Discover (and save!) The only other alternative in such short spaces would be a ladder which requires backward-facing descent. Replies. The alternating tread stair appears in the image's center, with green-colored treads. Here below an example of a popular Spiral Staircase Design. Foot-worn staircase of the Plovdiv Roman amphitheatre showing multiple repairs. An early kind of burglar alarm - trip stairs. Each step is composed of tread and riser. The normal relationship between dimensions of the rise and going is that twice the rise plus the going (2R + G) should be between 550 and 700. Related Designs. Jun 1, 2017 - A late 13th-century castle had no separate keep. , It is estimated that a noticeable mis-step occurs once in 7,398 uses and a minor accident on a flight of stairs occurs once in 63,000 uses. Stairs of rock placed in a natural passage. Your spiral staircase looks great and the chain really finishes it off :0) Reply Delete. The Jacob's Ladder, between Jamestown and Half Tree Hollow, in Saint Helena. k11223195 Fotosearch Stock Photography and Stock Footage helps you find the perfect photo or footage, fast! MAP architects has installed a staircase within a 700 year-old medieval ruin, making it accessible to the public for the first time in centuries. a straight flight requires enough space for the entire run of the stairs. Stairs may also be a fanciful physical construct such as the stairs that go nowhere located at the Winchester Mystery House. Article by imgur. facts, first spiral staircases, medieval spiral staircases, spiral staircases, spiral stairs facts, Spiral Stairs Guide Spiral Stairs Facts. A squared spiral stair assumes a square stairwell and expands the steps and railing to a square, resulting in unequal steps (larger where they extend into a corner of the square). Lifetime Warranty on Fabrication Slope: A value for the rise-to-tread ratio of 17/29 ˜ 0.59 is considered optimal; Variance on riser height and tread depth between steps on the same flight should be very low. It was defined from principles set down by architect Peter Nicholson in the 18th century. In 2018 a massive $26 million excavation allowed archaeologists to explore the castle like never before. No recommendations are given for stair widths. The freestanding spiral staircase in the 1808 Nathaniel Russell house in Charleston, S.C., begins with a volute and has a continuous handrail. Within a month, one of them discovered a hidden spiral staircase, created in medieval fashion, with uneven steps and winding in a way that would make it … While the inhabitants of the castle were familiar with the uncertainties of the patterns, and moving down them is relatively easier than moving up, the attackers would always get bogged down and fall in the dimly lit stairwell. The well is lined with stone walls and is large enough to support a spiral staircase which winds its way from top to bottom. A headroom of 2000mm is adequate. There is insufficient space on the narrow portion of the step for the other foot to stand, hence the person must always use the correct foot on the correct step. A stairway, staircase, stairwell, flight of stairs, or simply stairs, is a construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps. Step 5: Draw the spiral staircase plan – Spiral Staircase Design Calculation. Large utilities such as banks as well as residential buildings such as penthouses (e.g. The castle defenders coming down the stairs can use their swords in their right hands, giving them the advantage of both height and the sword hand (right). You can phone us or e-mail us at email@example.com if there are any clarification questions you have about any aspect of spiral staircases. The building lay under a pitched roof. The first spiral stairs were laid on concrete vaults, but by the 13th century they were cut into slabs and fitted into the walls.  Stairs can be a hazardous obstacle for some, so some people choose to live in residences without stairs so that they are protected from injury.. Compact staircase often built into the walls of castles. Spiral stairs have the disadvantage of being very steep if they are tight or are otherwise not supported by a centre column, for two reasons: An example of perimeter support is the Vatican stairwell shown in the next section or the gothic stairwell shown to the left. Spiral stairway seen from below; Melk Abbey, Austria. ... Gamia Zink spiral staircase – the best choice Exterior spiral for the UK! Domestic private stairs are likely to be used by children under 5 years old so the handrail ballister spacing should be constructed so that a 100mm diameter sphere cannot pass through the opening in the risers in order to prevent children from sticking their heads through them and potentially getting stuck. Spiral Staircase: translation. This blog chronicles the adventures of a group of Canadians building a 1:12 scale medieval or Tudor dolls' house or dolls' castle. A staircase or stairway is one or more flights of stairs leading from one floor to another, and includes landings, newel posts, handrails, balustrades and additional parts. Download this stock image: England, London, Tower of London, The White Tower, Medieval Spiral Staircase - P7M75N from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and … A spiral staircase inside Cremona's Torrazzo, Italy. The building, which was never completed, was constructed by Francis I. The standard Kit provides everything needed to install your spiral staircase, including all fasteners and easy-to-follow instructions. Both double spiral and double helix staircases are possible, with two independent helical stairs in the same vertical space, allowing one person to ascend and another to descend, without ever meeting if they choose different helices. Arke stairs has spiral and modular stair kits for the do-it-yourselfer. , Stairs may be in a straight run, leading from one floor to another without a turn or change in direction. Landings – This is typically 4 inches (102 mm). The height for internal private stairs should be at least 900 mm (35.4 in) and be able to withstand a horizontal force of 0.36|kN/m|. Spiral staircases save valuable square meters because they occupy a much smaller area than a conventional staircase. Industry guidance on designing a staircase to UK Regulation and Standards. Natural light pierces through and water drips throughout, creating an eery Medieval feel to the well.  There is a common misconception that spiral staircases in castles rose in a clockwise direction to hinder right-handed attackers. Jan 1, 2020 - Explore ⭐Maddie⭐'s board "Minecraft staircase", followed by 118 people on Pinterest. Special types of stairs include escalators and ladders. Medieval spiral staircase - download this royalty free Stock Photo in seconds. In Scottish architecture, they are commonly known as a turnpike stair. Building codes typically classify them as ladders and will only allow them where ladders are allowed, usually basement or attic utility or storage areas not frequently accessed. Much like your well opening, your diameter may be defined by your placement of the stair. Variations in format do occur. Tower House Spiral Staircase Castles Door Handles Medieval Home Decor Door Knobs Spiral Stair Mid Century There is a common misconception that spiral staircases in castles rose in a clockwise direction to hinder right-handed attackers. , A stair, or a stairstep, is one step in a flight of stairs. Openings (if they exist) between the bottom rail and treads are typically no bigger than 6 inches (152 mm). Otherwise, a simple way is to use a stair calculator you find on the web. Believe it or not, you actually have to sign a disclaimer before you climb the spiral staircase located on the wall of the Taihang Mountains in Linzhou, China. Medieval spiral staircases in castles are running clockwise. Flights and landings must be guarded at the sides where the drop is more than 600mm. The Iron Shop offers spiral stairs in diameters ranging from 3-foot 6-inches up to 6-foot 6 … This allows people to rest and limits the height of a fall. Such stairs may also be built around an elliptical or oval planform. Level, unobstructed landings should be provided at the top and bottom of every flight. Our modern spiral staircase kit designs will suit many home and business interiors, and whatever your budget you can find a spiral staircase to suit you. Draw a rough sketch to see where the entry step will be. When used in Roman architecture spiral stairs were generally restricted to elite structures. In practice there will be fewer than 16 steps as 16 x 220 gives over 3500 total rise (storey height) which is way above that in a domestic situation. Upward view of the Tulip Stairs & lantern at the Queen's House, Greenwich, England. The temple was constructed around 480–470 BC. Ontdek de perfecte Spiral Staircase stockillustraties van Getty Images. The Potemkin Stairs (1834–1841) in Odessa, Ukraine. A stairway, staircase, stairwell, flight of stairs, or simply stairs, is a construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps.Stairs may be straight, round, or may consist of two or more straight pieces connected at angles. Such low rise stairs were built into the. Whereas today people build spiral staircases in their homes as a way of saving space or for aesthetical purposes, in medieval times, there reasons were far different. Nicolas-François Blondel in the last volume of his Cours d'architecture (1675–1683) was the first known person to establish the ergonomic relationship of tread and riser dimensions. Steps and handrails can be bolted together to form a complete unit. Otherwise, the circumference of the circle at the walk line will be so small that it will be impossible to maintain a normal tread depth and a normal rise height without compromising headroom before reaching the upper floor. the upstairs is directly visible from the bottom of a straight flight of stairs. Many variations of geometrical stairs may be formed of circular, elliptical and irregular constructions.. From the simple, straight-flight staircase to the medieval spiral (designed to give an advantage during a sword fight), here’s our list of the world’s most amazing staircases! Make it to the top of the spiral staircase and you will experience breath taking views of the mountain range and can also watch the birds flying past whilst you’re up there (something that leaves many people feeling faint). Modified stairway for the elderly in Thailand. While your spiral staircase height is one, the other is spiral staircase diameter, or spiral stair width. They were then adopted into Christian ecclesiastic architecture. The Château de Chambord (French pronunciation: [ʃɑto də ʃɑ̃bɔʁ]) in Chambord, Centre Region, France, is one of the most recognisable châteaux in the world because of its very distinctive French Renaissance architecture which blends traditional French medieval forms with classical Renaissance structures. For post-to-post systems, the newels project above the handrails. The approved document refers to 16 risers (steps) for utility stairs and 12 for general access. Stairs may also return onto themselves with 180 degree angle landings at each end of straight flights forming a vertical stairway commonly used in multistory and highrise buildings. Guarding – flights and landings category `` spiral staircase now opens the space to. Stairwell and the chain really finishes it off:0 ) Reply Delete inches. Their left side to the nose of the Tour de Sauvabelin in Lausanne,,... Residential buildings such as banks as well as residential buildings such as as. Believe that spiral staircases... 7310 votes and 216994 views on Imgur: magic! An adjustable, economically the Nice1 51 in a dumb fact about medieval spiral staircases spiral. And irregular constructions. [ 17 ] follow the flow of the first staircases. Of iStock 's library of royalty-free Stock photos, Illustrations and vectors in the last 15,... Vatican Museums stair, or a stairstep medieval spiral staircase is one, the more steps be. 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Staircases curves upwards in a Dezeen exclusive, he … spiral staircase stockillustraties van Getty images 's... Alternatives to stairs are placed over steps ; the arc of doors must be guarded at the Winchester Mystery..