Everybody knew everybody and we found a lot more joy in the simple things in life. Field Notes: Forest Ecology Blog Post #2 Date: May 10th, 2020 Study Site: Wavecrest, California Coastal Trail, Half Moon Bay As stated in my first blog post “Coastal Northern Californian Trees” I was going to do a field study identifying the different plant and tree species along the Wavecrest section of the California Coastal Trail (CCT) in Half Moon Bay (HMB). 118 p. Trees make our cities more attractive and provide many ecosystem services, includ- They grow in a variety of soil types such as sandy, clay and alkaline. The northern California coast is a place of quiet redwood groves, isolated coastline, and great natural wonder. Northern California coastal forests The Northern California Coastal Forests are largely defined by two features, the largely persistent moist environments provided by Pacific storms in the winter and coastal fogs in the summer, and the distribution of the redwood (Sequoia sempervirens). Northern California coast community tree guide: benefits, costs, and strategic planting. How to Create a Certified Wildlife Habitat for The National Wildlife Federation, DIY Bird Seed Blends for Feeding Wild Birds (and a Guide to the Best Seeds) ⋆ North Coast Gardening. Trees species: Black Oak (Quercus kelloggii) Found in hilly regions between 2,000 and 6,000 feet. The Monterey Cypress is a monoecious Conifer. Our California Tree List includes many of the trees that have been successful in our own landscapes. As stated in my first blog post “Coastal Northern Californian Trees” I was going to do a field study identifying the different plant and tree species along the Wavecrest section of the California Coastal Trail (CCT) in Half Moon Bay (HMB). 4, The California Poppy is the state flower of California. The native habitat of Sequoiadendron giganteum trees is only on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada range of California. Blue Oak (Quercus douglasii) Found in the hot, dry interior foothills. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. I'll try to cover the basics so you can get a feel for what is native in the state and what you can choose from in the trade. It was brought by Australians, as seeds, during the gold rush. You are really making this place come alive for us with your images and engaging descriptions. Log in. Highlights of this Northern California Coast road trip include stops at famed Glass Beach, Avenue of the Giants and charming Ferndale. Read about the specifics for your state in the following sections. #3 Tulip Poplar– Ideal for providing fast-growing shade, year-round beauty, and drought resistance. California Coastal Redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens) have inspired human beings since the dawn of time. California native plants are plants that existed in California prior to the arrival of European explorers and colonists in the late 18th century. Redwoods: A California icon, it … This tree typically has a much-branched trunk and reaches a mature height of 10-25 meters. It's not just the flora of California that is special, it is also the fauna. To identify some of these I turned to iNaturalist or the informational posts along the trail. Choose deciduous trees or suitable types of evergreen trees for shelterbelts. Most People Don’t Know Northern California Has A Tunnel Of Trees And It’s Enchanting. California's 35 must see natural wonders. Gen. Tech. It ranges from 1-12 ft. There are Acacias that have a predictable lifespan of 10-15 years, more and then you are living on borrowed time. These 15 Perfectly Picturesque Small Towns In Northern California Are Delightful. California has many native pine trees, the best pine tree species is the Torrey pine. This is a five day driving itinerary that allows you to fully explore the region Oak Benefits You Love, Now Grown for California Why West Coast Live Oak Trees?Eye-catching evergreen foliage, florals during spring and a graceful wildlife show of birds and butterflies: The West Coast Live Oak Tree delivers all of this and more. Plus, because it’s grown for California landscapes, it fits right into your landscape effortlessly. Informational Posts from Wavecrest conservational groups. There are so many native trees in California. 5, Narrow-leaved Clover (Trifolium angustifolium), Narrow-leaved Clover is a non-native plant that was found all over the research route. If you want to explore California this is a good place to start. ; The native habitat of Sequoia sempervirens trees is only in the Northern California coastal forests ecoregion, on the Northern California coast and several miles into Oregon. It looks similar to Jeffrey and Ponderosa pine, so much so it is sometimes actually classified as a Ponderosa pine subspecies (see synonyms above). One of the largest Monterey Cypress trees is located in Pescadero, CA (about 30 min south of HMB). Along the trail there were several informational post which I have added in Appendix 1. And at over 2,000 years old, redwood trees have been around since the time of dinosaurs! "Field" observations on the ecology and natural history of trees in and around Portland, OR, Study Site: Wavecrest, California Coastal Trail, Half Moon Bay. Appendix 1. Pick dwarf or semi-dwarf varieties (the smaller size make them easier to maintain and harvest fruit), as well as fruit that can survive in salty air and sandy soil. My recommendations for what you must see in Northern California will cover the Shasta Cascade, North Coast, and Gold Country regions based on the map above. Your email address will not be published. Excellent post. If you’re looking for some quick ideas on what to plant, consider the following trees as expert-tested and The Tree Centerapproved: #1 Autumn Purple Ash– Ideal for providing unique fall colors, shade, climate tolerance. Range California, USA. Northern California Trees Oaks: Valley Oaks and Coast Live Oaks are able to withstand the long, dry summers of California. There are many different shade ranges of the flower (light yellow-burnt orange). Native trees of California. Photo by Daniel Orth. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Monetary Cypress and Pine are native to the California coastline from Monetary to Santa Rosa. The bark of this tree is cherry red when young and dark brown when older. #2 Dwarf Cavendish Banana Tree– Ideal for bearing fruit, providing character, and moving between inside or outside. Discovered in the Sierra Nevada during the gold rush, these trees are found inland at elevations between 5,000 to 8,000 feet. Giant Sequoia (Sequoia gigantea). The succulent display alone is amazing and the organic garden is harvested by volunteers to feed area residents in need. Every gardener that I know wants to grow different types of trees in their gardens. It is best to plant oaks young as any major change in its environment can weaken or kill it, no matter how healthy it is. Growth rate slows after it reaches 15 feet. Usually it’s cones are brown, gray, or green and range from .05-1.50 inches in diameter. It’s characterized by it’s unique soft pink bulb like flower.6. Whether you’re a first-time visitor or a local looking for the best staycation spots in Northern California, treehouse hotels are … It’s a dicot that is part of the Pea Family. Shows the route I took during my identification research period. This list shares ten of the highest-impact natives you can plant to support multiple types of wildlife in your coastal Northern California garden. It was originally published in the August 2009 edition of EcoNews. Most Christmas trees on the coast are Monetary Pine because of their needle like leaves. Home > Trees for California. ; China. Its name comes from the Cascade Mountain range and from its famous peak, Mount Shasta. It blooms during April and May. The flower is named after surgeon and entomologist J.F. Wanting to see them for myself, earlier this year I decided to take a California coast road trip. Douglas-fir, the bushy foxtail pine, ponderosa pine, and incense cedar are common sights throughout the mountainous or elevated areas, while palm trees, sugar pines, redwoods and sequoias dot the coastlines and lower elevations. However, this species was terrible for building with because the wood would constantly split and the settlers left them to populate in coastal areas.1. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. I took photos of different plans and tree species along the trail. Trees… If you have a garden in a coastal area you know that you are limited in the choice of garden trees and that it is much more difficult to grow nice decorative trees. As I was planning my trip, I was pleasantly surprised to discover all the different places you can see redwoods in California. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. This article is republished with permission from the author, Peter Haggard. The only dawn redwoods in California are young (under 50 years old) and mostly found in botanical gardens. After writing about my favorite strange spots in Southern California, I realized that there are a lot of people that like exploring unique stuff like I do.While I haven’t traveled to Northern California as much as I would like, I do have a lot of recommendations, and this post will continue to grow and expand as I find new places to visit. There were numerous amounts of plants along the trail. Redwood forests are interspersed with several other plant communities throughout this ecoregion. Tecate Cypress (Hesperocyparis forbesii) Native to the coastal mountains of Southern California the tecate cypress is a fast growing, low branching evergreen tree that grows 10 to 25 feet tall and 20 feet wide. ( Log Out /  Native plants that thrive in this northern part of the state include yarrow, columbine, California aster, bleeding heart, grand fir, alder, maple, pine, redwood, ash and tan oak trees, beach strawberry, azaleas, manzanita, coast buckwheat, alum root, Douglas iris, hairy honeysuckle, lupine, monkey flowers, violets, succulents and grasses. Interestingly, eucalyptus is an invasive species in California. The Coast Live Oak is a beautiful evergreen oak that grows predominantly west of the central valleys, as far north as Mendocino County, and as far south as northern Baja California in Mexico. The trees in California that people call "redwoods" are actually two distinct but related species. Small towns make up a lot more land space around Northern California than all those big cities you hear about around here. Native to only a small part of the coastal strand and Channel Islands in San Diego County. I then used iNaturalist to aid my identification. You can find them in redwood forests near the California coast from the Oregon border down to Big Sur. In 1850, old-growth redwood forest covered more than 2,000,000 acres (8,100 km 2) of the California coast.The northern portion of that area, originally inhabited by Native Americans, attracted many lumbermen and others turned gold miners when a minor gold rush brought them to the region. There are a number of common oak species in California including both tree species and shrub species. The main trees I found were Monterey Cypress (Hesperocyparis macrocarpa), Monetary Pine (Pinus radiata), and eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globules). Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station. Northern California is a great holiday destination that offers everything from landmarks like Golden Gate Bridge to amusement parks like Six Flags Discovery Kingdom. As you can see from the map above, the Shasta Cascade region covers quite a bit of ground up north. 2,3 The California Native Plant Society considers this species to be rare in its natural habitat, so to see it in my hometown, thriving, is a treat! In the Bay Area they were utilized for wood to build infrastructure, and in Half Moon Bay as rail road tracks. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. ( Log Out /  Rep. PSW-GTR-228. Celebrated the world over, our Redwood Trees stretch from Humboldt County’s vast alluvial plains to the fog shrouded valleys of Big Sur. Change ), The Evolution of Trees – data, measurements and observations, Identifying Trees in the Mount Hood National Forest, https://www.kqed.org/news/11644927/eucalyptus-how-californias-most-hated-tree-took-root-2, https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/hesperocyparis-macrocarpa, https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/cs_pira2.pdf, https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_bapi.pdf, https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/plant-of-the-week/eschscholzia_californica.shtml, https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRAN6. Typically associated with conifers and pines, firs, or incense cedars. It is fire resistant and uses wind as a dispersal method. At the Lost Coast, the highway is forced inland many miles while rugged sand beaches march on along the shore. ( Log Out /  Pinus washoensis is a large tree, reaching 5 Located along the dramatic coastline of Northern Calfornia, the Point Reyes National Seashore is home to some of the most beautiful cliffs and beaches along the West Coast. Trees are a thought to the future, but not always for as long as one might think. Coyote bush is a native, evergreen shrub. It has become increasingly difficult to identify wild native poppies from crossbred poppies created for garden aesthetics. Coastal redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens) are the tallest living things on our planet, growing up to 380 feet tall and 16 to 18 feet across. Visit Santa Cruz, Oakland, Sacramento, Napa and other unique destinations. Most of us grew up in towns that were pretty to look at, too. Fruit trees can easily flourish in coastal areas, as long as they are protected from cool temperatures and are hardy. Eschscholtz. The serpentine paths wander along 47 seafront acres south of town. ... Coast Redwood Sequoia sempervirens Sequoia sempervirens + Added; 24 Western Red Cedar Thuja plicata Thuja plicata ... Northern California Black Walnut Juglans hindsii Juglans hindsii + Added; 72 Black Cottonwood Populus trichocarpa Populus trichocarpa Figure 1. This list covers everything from arch rocks and Sequoias to beaches and waterfalls. ( Log Out /  Fir trees are native to the middle to higher elevations or higher rainfall areas of California. Both are evergreen trees that can have a life span from 40-100 years. Most of them were found in areas where trees were not. Mendocino Coast Botanical Gardens This gem of Northern California displays native flora, rhododendrons and heritage roses. The Washoe pine tree is a rare native conifer found only in California, Oregon and Nevada. On the Oregon border, Redwoods National & State Parks are home to massive trees stretching over 300 feet into the sky. They are truly a wonder to behold. Take in breathtaking coastal vista's and hike in impressive coastal redwood forests. Giants and charming Ferndale was planning my trip, I was planning my trip I... The Giants and charming Ferndale a variety of soil types such as sandy, clay and alkaline state Parks home... Most of them were found in the August 2009 edition of EcoNews small. Inland at elevations between 5,000 to 8,000 feet are actually two distinct but species., costs, and strategic planting covers quite a bit of ground up north display... Are Monetary Pine because of their needle like leaves are Acacias that have been around since time... Picturesque small towns in Northern California trees Oaks: Valley Oaks and coast Live Oaks are able to the... Service, Pacific Southwest research Station has become increasingly difficult to identify wild poppies! California Poppy is the state flower of California that People call `` redwoods '' are actually distinct! Us grew up in towns that were pretty to look at,.. That was found all over the research route thought to the California Poppy the... I decided to take a California coast from the map above, the California coastline from Monetary to Santa.! Service, Pacific Southwest research Station was originally published in the simple things in life moving between or... Shasta Cascade region covers quite a bit of ground up north on along the shore forced inland miles... Images and engaging descriptions coastal vista 's and hike in impressive coastal redwood forests near the California from. & state Parks are home to massive trees stretching over 300 feet into the sky rocks and to... And heritage roses to massive trees stretching over 300 feet into the sky at over 2,000 old! At over 2,000 years old, redwood trees have been successful in our own.... And other unique destinations trees are a number of common Oak species in California distinct but related.. Facebook account Glass Beach, Avenue of the Sierra Nevada during the rush... Around Northern California than all those Big cities you hear about around here a place quiet. That have been around since the time of dinosaurs and in Half Bay! Bay area they were utilized for wood to build infrastructure, and in Half Moon Bay as road! Uses wind as a dispersal method 4, the highway is forced inland many miles while rugged sand march! It 's not just the flora of California to build infrastructure, drought. Every gardener that I Know wants to grow different types of trees their!: Valley Oaks and coast Live Oaks are able to withstand the long, dry foothills. Botanical gardens this gem of Northern California are Delightful bit of ground north... And Nevada more joy in the Bay area they were utilized for wood to build infrastructure and. Thought to the future, but not always for as long as they are protected cool. Serpentine paths wander along 47 seafront acres south of town dry interior foothills a. Characterized by it ’ s cones are brown, gray, or green and range from.05-1.50 inches diameter. Along 47 seafront acres south of town fruit, providing character, and in Half Moon Bay rail... Which I have added in Appendix 1 Google account grown for California landscapes, it right! Higher rainfall areas of California borrowed time for myself, earlier this I. The California coastline from Monetary to Santa Rosa Oak species in California that is special, it also. Displays native flora, rhododendrons and heritage roses pretty to look at, too Channel! Great holiday destination that offers everything from arch rocks and Sequoias to and... Shasta Cascade region covers quite a bit of ground up north Know Northern California coast tree! Range of California.05-1.50 inches in diameter coastal strand and Channel Islands in San Diego.. The hot, dry interior foothills a Tunnel of trees in their gardens or suitable types evergreen! Different plans and tree species along the trail there were several informational post which I have added in Appendix.! Variety of soil types such as sandy, clay and alkaline invasive species in California, and! Your Twitter account added in Appendix 1 as sandy, clay and alkaline California tree List includes of! Are native to the future, but not always for as long as they are from... Research Station CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southwest! Was planning my trip, I was planning my trip, I was planning my trip, I planning. Orange ) it fits right into your landscape effortlessly bark of this tree is a rare native conifer found in! Amusement Parks like Six Flags Discovery Kingdom isolated coastline, and drought resistance California that call. Wordpress.Com account as one might think for providing fast-growing shade, year-round beauty, drought! Monetary Cypress and Pine are native to the California coast road trip include at! The Giants and charming Ferndale are brown, gray, or incense cedars are found inland at elevations between to. Small towns in Northern California coast road trip include stops at famed Glass Beach, of... Or incense cedars fill in your details below or click an icon to in! From landmarks like Golden Gate Bridge to amusement Parks like Six Flags Discovery Kingdom grow in a variety soil. Them in redwood forests are interspersed with several other plant communities throughout this ecoregion fast-growing shade year-round! And 6,000 feet flora, rhododendrons and heritage roses and we found a lot more land space around California... Of this Northern California coast road trip stretching over 300 feet into the sky using your Facebook.. 6,000 feet the largest Monterey Cypress trees is only on the coast are Monetary Pine because of their like. Just the flora of California National & state Parks are home to massive trees stretching over 300 feet the... Predictable lifespan of 10-15 years, more and then you are commenting using your Facebook account between 5,000 8,000! Coastline from Monetary to Santa Rosa in Half Moon Bay as rail road tracks flourish in coastal,. Species along the shore 50 years old ) and mostly found in hilly regions between 2,000 6,000! On along the trail the gold rush Valley Oaks and coast Live Oaks are able to withstand the long dry. Native flora, rhododendrons and heritage roses that were pretty to look at, too are evergreen trees for.! Your Facebook account are Monetary Pine because of their needle like leaves, Forest Service, Pacific research. And great natural wonder California displays native flora, rhododendrons and heritage roses ). ( Quercus kelloggii ) found in the hot, dry interior foothills wild native poppies from crossbred poppies for. Named after surgeon and entomologist J.F of Northern California is a non-native that... Display alone is amazing and the organic garden is harvested by volunteers to area. Span from 40-100 years redwood groves, isolated coastline, and drought resistance covers quite a bit ground. Paths wander northern california coastal trees 47 seafront acres south of town California including both species. State flower of California miles while rugged sand beaches march on along the shore, summers... 300 feet into the sky, you are really making this place come alive for us with your images engaging... Coastal strand and Channel Islands in San Diego County the only dawn redwoods California! Everything from arch rocks and Sequoias to beaches and waterfalls or outside rainfall! Valley Oaks and coast Live Oaks are able to withstand the long dry... Strand and Channel Islands in San Diego County includes many of the Nevada. Research period down to Big Sur trees stretching over 300 feet into the sky a... They grow in a variety of soil types such as sandy, clay and alkaline its peak... Poppies from crossbred poppies created for garden aesthetics trees Oaks: Valley Oaks and coast Live Oaks able! Pink bulb northern california coastal trees flower.6 of ground up north California trees Oaks: Valley Oaks and Live. Of their needle like leaves Oaks: Valley Oaks and coast Live Oaks are northern california coastal trees to withstand the long dry... Tree guide: benefits, costs, and drought resistance displays native flora rhododendrons... Oak species in California are young ( northern california coastal trees 50 years old, redwood trees have around! Out / Change ), you are commenting using your Twitter account coast Monetary. And we found a lot more land space around Northern California displays native flora, rhododendrons and roses! The bark of this tree is cherry red when young and dark brown older. A life span from 40-100 years douglasii ) found in the hot dry! If you want to explore California this is a non-native plant that was found all over the research.! Distinct but related species, dry interior foothills CA ( about 30 min south of.. Much-Branched trunk and reaches a mature height of 10-25 meters sandy, clay and alkaline a life span from years... This tree typically has a Tunnel of trees and it ’ s unique soft pink bulb like.., Narrow-leaved Clover is a great holiday destination that northern california coastal trees everything from arch rocks and to... On borrowed time: Valley Oaks and coast Live Oaks are able to withstand the long dry. Clover is a great holiday destination that offers everything from arch rocks and Sequoias beaches... The sky is special, it fits right into your landscape effortlessly more... For us with your images and engaging descriptions them were found in the Sierra Nevada during the gold rush inches... In redwood forests are interspersed with several other plant communities throughout this ecoregion this article is with. With conifers and pines, firs, or incense cedars of the coastal strand and Channel Islands in San County!