On 21–22 June 1944, British and Italian frogmen used ‘Chariot’ manned torpedoes and sank Bolzano and attacked Gorizia. Watch Queue Queue. In June, the fleet was in Livorno (first Navy Day) and she toured the eastern Mediterranean and back to Taranto in July. However with quick progresses in late mechanical and early electronics in WW2, this would prove it irrelevant. The two ships in the class—Trento and Trieste, were named after the redeemed cities of Trento and Trieste taken from the Austro-Hungarian empire after the victory in World War I. The ship visited Durazzo on 23–26 June 1934, and on 1 July, became the flagship of the 3rd Division. Wikis. In addition to the gun armament, she carried eight 533 mm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes in four deck mounted twin launchers. (google.image) 10.17 #3/4 They quickly broke off and retreat. Trento is the lead ship of the first Italian class of so-called ‘Treaty Cruisers’, constructed for the Regia Marina in the mid 1920’s. She embarked 10,000 men, of the Italian volunteers, the Corpo Truppe Volontarie supporting General Francisco Franco. They included the removal of the bridge structure and forward gun turrets, over which were located the hangar, while the forward funnel truncated exhausts were diverted to the sides. In 1942, Trento was given four extra single 20 mm (0.79 in) 65-cal. The ships were named after military commanders (condottieri) of Italian history.Each class is known after the first ship of the group: The same scheme as the Trentos was reproduced: The armored belt was 70 mm (2.8 in) thick and the citadel closed by with armored bulkheads, 60 mm (2.4 in) forward, and 50 mm (2.0 in) aft. Bolzano. By that time their bridge and other details has been modified too. Games Movies TV Video. Their now also had an innovation, being bulbous for the first time on an Italian warship. Trento actually scored two hits on the cruiser HMS Berwick (County class). The ships stopped in Port Said, Aden, Colombo, and Singapore en route to Shanghai, where they arrived on 4 March. Overall the ship feels sluggish considering its lacklustre armour, and armament, but it is the most manoeuvrable in its class as a heavy cruiser. The definitive powerplant comprised four Parsons steam turbines. The Washington Treaty set new standards to be followed by all naval forces, notably the heavy cruiser, with an arrangement of 8-in (203 mm) guns for 10,000 tons standard, framed itself in a global tonnage by nation. Trento was at La Spezia in May for an overhaul until 5 August, and returned to Messina for escort missioned. The three ships in the class were named after the three unredeemed cities taken from the Austro-Hungarian empire after the victory in World War I: Trento, Trieste, and Bolzano. Each vessel carried two IMAM Ro.43 seaplanes for reconnaissance duties. The convoy was attacked by British warships in the early hours of 9 November, though the covering force failed to intervene and the convoy was destroyed. AA guns in 1942. Learn how your comment data is processed. Bolzano was a unique heavy cruiser, sometimes considered to be a member of the Trento class, built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the early 1930s, the last vessel of the type to be built by Italy. Trento was the first of two Trento-class cruisers; they were the first heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy). In mid-1931, she entered the drydock in La Spezia for modifications to her tripod foremast; a sturdier five-legged version was installed to reduce vibration in the fire control director. Her armor deck was 50 mm (2.0 in) thick in the central portion of the ship and reduced to 20 mm (0.79 in) at either end. In October-December, when the war broke out, she was in drydock for a refit, with armament modifications, funnel caps installed and other alterations. Add new page . The final speed design was marked at 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph), light. The three ships of the class were named after the three unredeemed cities taken from the Austro-Hungarian empire after the victory in World War I, Trento, Trieste, and Bolzano. The three ships of the class were named after the three unredeemed cities taken from the Austro-Hungarian empire after the victory in World War I, Trento, Trieste, and Bolzano. Trento (April 1942) From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. In 1942, the ship received four 20 mm (0.79 in) 65-cal. Cruise range at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph) was established to 4,160 nautical miles (7,700 km; 4,790 mi). Between the end of 1928 and the beginning of 1929 studies were conducted for the construction of a new cruiser of the "Trento" type improved on the basis of the directives made by a specific Commission for the construction of the new units, chaired by the Undersecretariat of State of the Navy. Her hull was slightly shorter at 187.6 meters (615 ft) between perpendiculars, 196.9 m (646 ft) overall but with the same beam of 20.6 m (68 ft) and 6.8 m (22 ft) draft. Kongo-class (1914) Battlecruiser; Nevada Class Battleship; … Maximum speed 36 knotsProtection Belt 70, bridge 50, turrets 100, blockhouse 100 mmArmament 8 guns of 203 (4×2), 16 guns of 100 (8×2), 4 of 40 AA, 8 of 13.2 AA, 8 TTs 533 mm (4×2 flanks)Crew 780, Official Yard photo of the Bolzano, soon after completion. History In the early 1900s leading up to The Great War, conflicting views and opinions on cruiser design among the U.S. … The other Italian warships managed to rescue 602 men, of whom around a third were wounded. Bolzano participated in four battles, but was torpedoes two times, the second one almost fatally. Jump to navigation Jump to search. This was destroyer speed, and it was believed in 1924, primitive ballistic computers would be unable to readjust calculations for such as fast target. At 08:55, Vice Admiral Angelo Iachino ordered Sansonetti to retreat and head northwest, to lure the British cruisers towards Vittorio Veneto. While the two sides were still maneuvering, a group of British torpedo bombers from Crete arrived and unsuccessfully attacked Trento and the rest of her division shortly after 12:00. Outside of the hull, the Bolzano also differed by its superstructure, which was entirely revised: Instead of stacked bridges around a tripod, she has a single massive structure which wrapped the tripod mast, bridges, and front funnel and was appreciated as larger and roomier. The bulkheads thickest part was only on the upper portion, the forward bulkhead lower section was just 50 mm (2.0 in). She carried a pair of IMAM Ro.43 seaplanes for aerial reconnaissance; the hangar was located in under the forecastle and a fixed catapult was mounted on the centerline at the bow. The Trento class was an Italian heavy cruiser design of the Regia Marina from the late 1920s. At 06:55 on 28 March, Vittorio Veneto’s IMAM Ro.43 located a British cruiser squadron. Trento class 1927 heavy cruiser class of the Italian Navy. By June 1940, Trento was in Messina as flagship of the 3rd Division. They were awaited by a combined submarine and aircraft attack at dusk. HD photo of the Trieste at sea, unknown origin (Pinterest). The Fire control system however was standard, also British in origin, two pairs of Barr & Stroud 5 m (16 ft) coincidence rangefinders installed fore and aft, to serve both turret groups, three on the forward tripod and a single one on the superstructure aft. , On 15 September 1930, Trento embarked on a cruise to the eastern Mediterranean that concluded in La Spezia on 21 November. The 100 mm guns replaced by Mod 31 versions in 1932 and in 1937–1938, second aft 100 mm pair was deposed as four 12.7 mm machine guns. Trento. In April 1941, Trieste and Bolzano escorted a convoy to to Tripoli, but never arrived there. She took part at numerous naval actions as Punta Stilo, Capo Teulada, Gaudo and Matapan. Genova — Italian promo premium Tier V cruiser. She raided also the eastern Mediterranean in late March 1941 (Battle of Cape Matapan), evading torpedo bombers attacks. By appearance, she retained the features of ships belonging to an earlier era of ironclads. A squadron of American B-17 bombers raided La Spezia, but miraculously scored no hit on Bolzano. Mussolini’s Navy: A Reference Guide to the Regia Marina 1930–1945. Trento is the first Italian cruiser to boast 203mm guns -- giving it a powerful alpha-strike, though the long reload makes judicious shot selection a must. In December she was part of the 2nd Division, the 1st Squadron (The Zara class formed the 1s division by then). From July, Trento headed for South America and visited Cape Verde, Rio de Janeiro, Santos, Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Bahía Blanca, Las Palmas, and back to the Mediterranean, Tangiers, and home on 10 October. Therefore sailors would later say about the new ship “un errore splendidamente riuscito”: an error beautifully executed. Trieste. Italy had the same as France, 175,000, in which it was possible to start designing the next generation of cruisers. Displacement: 10,511 tons / 10,679 tonnes (standard); 13,548 tons / 13,764 tonnes (full load). Breda M1940 guns in single mounts. The two cruisers returned to La Spezia on 4 June. Trento, Trieste, and Bolzano were ordered to relieve the Italian light forces at 08:00, though this was far too late to save Artigliere, which was sunk about an hour later. She joined the 6th Division and the combined force patrolled the Strait of Sicily, laying a minefield. In replacement, eight 37 mm (1.5 in) 54-cal. Another later model was reduced to 118 kg (260 lb) but at a lower, 840 m/s (2,800 ft/s) muzzle velocity (reduced charge). They fired two types of shells: The 125-kilogram (276 lb) model (muzzle velocity 905 mps (2,970 ft/s)), with separated propellant charge. This … Anti-aircraft defense was provided by a battery of sixteen 100 mm (4 in) 47-cal. In June 1940, Bolzano teamed with the Trento and Trieste as part of the 2nd Division, 2nd Squadron and in July participated in the Battle of Calabria, engaging British cruisers British cruisers, being hit thrice by 6-inch (152 mm) shells from HMS Neptune at 16:05. Lessons were learned since the first Trentos and even the Zara class (but Gorizia). Her power plant consisted of four Parsons steam turbines powered by twelve oil-fired Yarrow boilers, which were trunked into two funnels amidships. On their return, they were attacked by the RAF, but without success. Another convoy to Libya, which passed without incident, followed on 30 July, with Trento returning to Messina on 1 August. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Used boats for sale in Italy.  On trials, she reached only 35.6 knots (65.9 km/h; 41.0 mph), and in service, her practical top speed was only 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph). Aside the light Giussano class designed to catch up French large destroyers, Italy still had to design its first 8-in cruisers. See more ideas about warship, naval, wwii. Struggle for the Middle Sea: The Great Navies At War In The Mediterranean Theater, 1940–1945. Camouflage Liveries of the Trento, Trieste and Bolzano from model kits, pinterest (montage). On trials the tripod would prove to vibrate excessively, which doomed all precision fire control and targeting devices. Blueprints were approved, but soon, as both keels were on the slipways and welding too place for building the hull, some officers in the Regia Marina were concerned about the particularly thin armor. For close quarters, the transalpine cruisers carried four twin 533 mm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes launchers inside the hull, fixed and above water. Vickers-Terni 40 mm/39 guns – src Navweaps.com. In February 1938 she became the 2nd Squadron flagship and in May, departed for the Gulf of Naples for a review destined to Adolf Hitler. In 1920, Italy had few modern cruisers. The preliminary work was headed by General Filippo Bonfiglietti.  While on the way back, British aircraft attacked the Italian cruisers without success. In March 1937, she escorted Mussolini onboard Pola for a trip to Libya and she stopped at Benghazi, Tripoli, and Ra’s Lanuf. The Regia Marina Trento Class cruiser comprised of the Trento, Trieste and arguably the Bolzano. Trento Class Cruiser Details and Specifications. While the cruisers of the Trento class were fast and well armed, they were very weakly protected. It was very clear from the start that engineered defined a very high speed as desirable, and a way to deal with most cruisers and scout for the fleet, but required a large reduction in armor protection, save for the displacement. 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