However, there are too many glues out there, and all are not in the same quality. As a result, the Art Glitter make sure the bonding on multi-surfaces such as paper art, vinyl, acrylic, leather, pleather, suede, ceramics, wood, and metal. So, you have to skip this glue while working with these surfaces. Now, I hope that you could choose the best glue for cardstock. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. I think you have to work a lot with cardstock as it is an important thing for the crafters. Besides, for more security, you can use gloves/musk while applying. Elmer’s Glue Stick (E579) 1.2 2. These are general recommendations only and not to be used in the place of professional advice either by the glue manufacturers themselves or from a certified engineer. You can use this cardstock glue for multi-purpose as it is suitable for both felt, foam, wood, metal, paper products, non-washable fabrics, and ceramics. Otherwise, you will never get the durable adhesion. Spray both sides of the paper SEVERAL times and allow to dry. ), Best Glue for Marine Carpet – It Won’t Leave you High and Dry. The broad tip works well in large areas. Brush it onto paper, fabric, wood, printed material and more. So if you do any craft with paper and glue, do yourself a favor and watch this video! In this article, we will look at some of the more common scenarios and make recommendations around them. Your email address will not be published. So, no... 2. So, you have to buy a product that won’t be harmful to you. Besides, it permanently adheres to a variety of surfaces. There is no limit to what your felt can stick to! Best For: Paper Mache, Wood Crafts Your kid can use this glue on their craft projects, as this is ideal for them. Typically, glue sticks are the most popular type of glue for paper projects. Mineral spirits is a go to for many scroll sawers in removing residual adhesive. Besides professional art projects, the Art Glitter comes with glue, which is also great for industrial applications. Glue sticks are also great because they come with very little mess. We use glue to bonding on papers. But regular wood glue is the best wood glue for raw wood-to-wood joinery. 1.1 1. The odor produces by the cardstock glue is also tolerable. Making nice things is your hobby? See the chart (below) to learn the best uses for each kind. If you have a lot of paper stuck on the wood, apply ... Adhesive remover. And here all the cardstock glues have multi-surface compatibility. Hide Glue. If the piece of wood has any splinters or other rough patches, sand them down with medium-grit sandpaper. Just draw a thin line, leave it for a while, and you can see the magic. This distinctive glue dries permanently. Art Glitter Glue is the first choice of Artist and Designers because this glue contains industrial strength. It needs only 1 hour to dry. If you reposition the adhesion, then it will take a long time than usual. Some professionals, such as crafters, stampers, and scrapbookers, prefer the cardstock glue than the other adhesives for their professional task. Before you apply the paper, sand the surface of the wood so it's nice and smooth. There is a lot to love about this high-quality glue. Repeat as many layers as desired. Best of all, it won’t harm your wood’s finish. Stays wet for 60 seconds before drying, allowing you to reposition if you made a mistake. Besides, it won’t wrinkle your paper while making a craft with them. Now here comes the bigger part, which is cardstock glue. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. It is very easy to apply and can be used for bonding all types of wood. Once you have the answers to these questions it will be a lot simpler to pick a glue that will meet your expectations. You have to disolve it and keep it at 140 degrees F to use it. If you are buying craft glue for paper, you want something that is thin and quick-drying. Also sometimes called carpenter's glue, wood glue is formulated to penetrate wood fibers, making glue joints that are stronger than the wood itself. It adheres well to fabric, foam, vellum, wood, plastic, paper, and more. Besides, some glues have made of toxic ingredients that can harm your health as well. It is easily storable as well as transportable. While using, the only thing you have to keep in mind is that it is flammable. Safest Types of Eyelash Glue – ( With No Harmful Chemicals ). Finding the best glue for paper depends on what you are gluing the paper to. Let’s dig deeper into choosing your desired one. We like that it sets quickly and dries clear. How do I remove my pattern? The cardstock glue is devoid of any chemicals or acids. A portion of the glue joint will be end grain, as opposed to long grain. Does it need to be permanent or is it just a temporary fix? After a comprehensive market analysis, we have listed some top-notch glue for cardstock, which you can easily use for your craftworks and enjoy a super experience. Scotch Quick-Drying Tacky Glue – best glue for thin paper. Paper to Wood For sticking paper to wood you can use school glue much the same as paper to paper. It depends on the surface to surface. So, you can go with any of the glue. Some glues are getting hard after drying and can be ruined your project by wrinkling your cardstock. Best glue for wood – Titebond wood glue review (Our Top Pick) Franklin International is a notable brand when it comes to glue making. So, there is no need for squeezing more while applying. By using the tip, you can properly adhere to your cardstock. Related Post: Glue To Fix Glasses Reviews. Besides, it is also perfect for your scrapbooks. Sand any rough patches on the wood. Using Mod Podge is an easy way to adhere paper onto wood. Because the glue is acid-free and is not water-based, the water-based glues will wrinkle paper. Besides, you can also use this cardstock glue on your DIY and art projects. Otherwise, it can permanently bond all the other surfaces. Most wood glues are a type of polyvinyl acetate (PVA wood glue). If ‘Yes,’ then you are in the right place! Tombow makes it ideal for photos, cardstock, fibers, buttons, product label mockups, homemade sticky notes, and more. As we have seen that, sometimes buyers purchase glue by not thinking about some important factors. So, you can use it over your craftworks. Step 5. If you want a strong and reliable glue at a reasonable price, then you can go with this one. So, you have to find a cardstock glue that works on various surfaces like paper, wood, canvas, cardboard, fabric, and even metal. The bonding capacity of the glue depends upon you. Besides, it has an ultra-fine metal tip.  X Research source If you're only gluing on one side of the wood, you only have to sand that side. Part B – You can mist the paper with water. Then you can use Aleene’s Original Tacky Glue. But you can make it thin by using acetone if needed. The glues are, generally speaking, formulated to work with wood or paper or fabric, and specifically designed to create the right bond when they cure. Step 4. Elmer's wood glue will work, as well as many others. Some are good for beginners. Do you need an incredibly versatile adhesive that works on most craft surfaces? It can be used on plastics, ceramic, wood, rubber, leather, metal, and many other different types of materials. Aleene’s comes with the ultra-tacky formula for ensuring strong bonding. A perfect match for Decopatch papers: it adheres the paper and finishes with a protective varnish coating. The all-purpose adhesive has been trusted with craft, hobby, and household projects for 50 years. What type of Glue to use on Styrofoam (or Polystyrene )? AdTech cardstock glue would be a top pick for completing your projects of adhering paper, cardstock, vellum, fabric, plastic, wood, foam, and more. This is because both materials are porous. However, we always mention the ins and outs of the products. The addition of rubber to this epoxy allows it to be totally waterproof. As a crafter, you have to work at various projects with various surfaces. For decoupage, a clear-drying PVA glue also can be brushed on the finished product as a sealer. That means you have to make sure of the surfaces, as mentioned above, for applying the glue. Then you can try this Beacon Advanced Craft Glue while fulfilling your hobby. Or get someone else to do the work for you! You can easily wash off your skin after using it. If you don't have a tack cloth, a damp cloth or paper towel will work as well. This entry was posted in Paper and tagged Book Press, Books, Extra Strength Glue Stick, Ironing, Paper, Waxed Paper, Weights by Crafters University. It is great for all kinds of hobby and craft projects like paper, wood, glitter, beads, trims, fabric, seashells, foam, rubber, cork, cardboard, ceramics, and more. As with spray adhesives, you choose the type of tape that gives just enough grip for the task at hand. PVA glue is best used for cardboard, light wood, paper, and other such materials. Our top pick for the best wood glue is the Titebond 5004 II Premium Wood Glue. This waterproof glue provides you an instant bonding. This white glue will not yellowish over time. This Beacon Advanced Craft Glue package contains an eight-ounce bottle of glue. Choose the right glue for your project - There are multiple different types of wood glue available, including PVA glue, epoxy, polyurethane glue, hide glue, and cyanoacrylate glue. Then, spray both sides of the paper with a clear acrylic sealer to help protect it. Comparing with other liquid glues, Adtech Glue Runner Permanent has no mess and drips. Before selecting the cardstock glue, checking the compatibility rates are important. Otherwise, you will never get the durable adhesion. This permanent glue gives you super stability. You can use this glue on your photos. Use a firm roller (paint roller) to roll the glue onto the surface of the sealed wood. So, you can rely on the glue for cardstock purposes. What is the Best Glue for Fixing Glasses? It works great on both wooden and paper items. This spray is amazingly sticky for this kind of application. For reposition, you have to apply the glue and let it dry until form a tacky bond. It is suitable for both Wood and Metal. Step 1. That means you have to make sure of the surfaces, as mentioned above, for applying the glue. Gorilla Glue vs Super Glue (Which is Best for What? So, while doing your project, obviously, you have to attach the cardstocks. AmazonBasics Large Washable Purple Glue Sticks ; 1.3 3. That’s why you use wood glue for wood and white glue for construction paper. You can reposition the glue bonding until dry completely. If you use this strong glue at any project, it won’t be broken. Beacon Advanced Craft Glue for Cardstock (3-in-1), Aleene's Original Tacky Glue for Cardstock - 3 Packs, Art Glitter Glue for Cardstock - Metal Tip, AdTech Permanent Glue for Cardstock – 4pcs (35yds Each), Tombow Multi Liquid Glue for Cardstock – Dual Tip Dispenser, Best Wood Floor Paint In 2021 – Top Selling Paints, Top 5 Best Ar Mag Pouch for Belt – Most Popular In 2021, Best Printer Ink in 2021 – Top Selling & Popular Collections, Best Bench Chisels – Our Top 5 Selection from 99+ Models, Top 5 Best Soap Dispensing Dish Brush – Reviewed By an Expert, Best Arcade Buttons in 2021 – Top Selling & Popular Collections, Top 5 Best Non Chlorine Bleach – A List From The Expert, Super flexible due to Water-based formula. Whatever your project, from preparing documents to scrapbooking to fine art projects, you can count on Tombow for unmatched quality and design. This craft glue looks like crystal clear. Most of the glue doesn’t wrinkle the paper. Epoxy is the best wood glue for filling in gaps and cracks. STEP 2: Glue the paper to the wood Make sure to use a pH neutral or acid free glue, such as PVA glue. It is the best glue when you need to glue wood to plastic. You can use it to apply the glue. Our last but not the least product is Tombow, which is especially great for memory books and craft papers. A cardstock glue that doesn’t fulfill this function properly is useless, isn’t it? And it gives you a super-strong finish after drying. You can use the cardstock glue on various surfaces like paper, wood, glitter, beads, trims, fabric, seashells, foam, rubber, cork, cardboard, ceramics, and more. This cardstock glue is permanently adhesive as it is thicker than regular glue. Before applying either, … It is used as a glue, sealer, and finish. This premium glue is the perfect choice for fixing outdoor furniture or completing indoor DIY repairs. The owner of this website, glueauthority.com, is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking glueauthority.com Reviews to Amazon properties including, but not limited to, amazon.com, endless.com, myhabit.com, smallparts.com, or amazonwireless.com. You can also choose from construction, fiber & garment, and woodworking best glue for paper to wood, as well as from polyurethane best glue for paper to wood There are 120 suppliers who sells best glue for paper to wood on Alibaba.com, mainly located in Asia. It does form a strong bond, it dries quite quickly, and remains flexible once dry. You can use the pen tip to adhere to smaller embellishments, sequins, and rhinestones. What is the Best Glue for Dollhouses? So, they become disappointed after purchasing them. Depending on the ultimate use of the project, you will likely want to seal it with a finish of some kind like decoupage, varnish or … It is non-toxic and cleans up easily. 1 10 Best Glues for Paper Crafts on the Market Today:. Step 2. There is a reason Elmer’s Liquid School Glue is so popular and that is because it just works as it should. AdTech cardstock glue would be a top pick for completing your projects of adhering paper, cardstock, vellum, fabric, plastic, wood, foam, and more. After using the glue, make sure the storage temperature +40 F, otherwise it may damage the glue. This cardstock glue contains no harmful toxins so that it won’t damage your memories or photos. This is because both materials are porous. Best on smaller labels, to allow you to spread the glue and attach the label before the glue cools too much. If you want something a little stronger than school glue you could try PVC. The first thing you need to do is ask yourself some questions like what are you planning to glue the paper to? It is acid-free and not harmful to you. But DO NOT use it for glasses. Our Top Pick for the Best Wood Glue. Wood glue or carpenters glue: Elmer’s E7330 Carpenter’s Wood Glue Max is a versatile glue that adheres to most surfaces. Double-faced tape comes in two types suitable for woodworking: cloth-backed and paper-backed. All of these glues are strong enough to bond wood together, but they all have different advantages. However, some of them come with a variety of colors for a particular purpose. Scotch Permanent Glue Sticks Decopatch glue creates a transparent, shiny, non-sticky and water resistant film when dry. Comment. This is because glue sticks are less likely to make the paper buckle or break when applied. Bookmark the permalink. If you need to stick paper to metal we would recommend a product like JB-Weld. © 2020 Essential Product Reviews, Deals and Buying Advice | Jimbouton.com | All Rights Reserved. So, it won’t harm your photos. Our Overall #1 Rated Pick This glue is rubber toughened which helps provide a tensile strength of several thousand PSI. It is quite popular as a sealer for decoupage projects. The cardstock glue is runny enough. It provides you a strong and permanent bond that goes on clear. Best Glue for Paper Reviews 1.Beacon 3-in-1 Advanced Craft Glue – best glue for glossy paper. Use the wrong glue, and you might not even get a bond. Moreover, the product dries clear so you don’t have to worry about seeing your project with obvious adhesive on it. So, how effectively it can adhere to cardstock is the main fact to consider. So overall, Polyurethane wood glue is best when: The project is for outdoor use, as this glue is waterproof and flexible. Next, adhere the paper to the wood surface, and cover the artwork/wood piece with a clean sheet of paper as a protective barrier. You can go through the features of the product that you’re liking. So, you have to use a flexible glue for your craft projects so that you don’t have to face this kind of problem. To prevent you from after-buying harassment, we point out some factors that you may consider before purchasing the best glue for cardstock paper. This product is perfect for adhering flat surfaces such as paper, cardboard and light wood and a lot more! Your email address will not be published. In this video, you’ll see the basics of how to use Mod Podge to create a collage on a simple wood surface. It has voted as one of the best glue for cardstock paper in America. Gorilla glue does take longer than Super glue to dry, but will generally reach a better level of adhesion. Paper To Wood – Yamato Sticking Paste; Fabric To Rubber – Barge; Styrofoam To Vinyl – Hot Glue; Glass To Wood – General Electric Silicone II; Paper To Vinyl – Rhoplex; Ceramic To Rubber – Household Goop; Paper To Glass – Weldbond; Leather To Vinyl – 3M 80; Ceramic To Fabric – 3M 77; Glass To Rubber – General Electric Silicone II; Metal To Ceramic – J-B Weld Well, this glue is mainly for craft projects. The glues we have listed can help you in a wide range of applications in the crafts world. This one is another brilliant glue for paper crafting... 3. Whether you want to work on metal, thick cardstock, or wood, this adhesive will not let you down. That’s how the Art Glitter ensures an acid-free glue which has no bad smell either. Contents. This glue has dual tips, one is a pen tip, and the other is a broad tip. When everything’s dry, apply a thin coat of Mod Podge to the wood and smooth the paper on to the surface. Once applied, the super glue dries in 10-45 seconds, which is incredibly fast for a craft glue, especially one which offers such a strong bond. 1. Avery Glue Stick; 1.4 4. The pen tip is perfect for small areas or fine lines of glue. So, you can use this at your home, office, or school. The glue can be used on felt, plastic, wood, metal, ceramic, leather, paper and so much more. White or Hobby Glue White glue is the overall greatest glue to use when doing paper mache. What happens is the sealers acts as a makeshift barrier, so that the surface of the paper gets glued, but the glue doesn’t soak all the way through the fibers and make a soggy mess (thereby causing the dreaded wrinkles). How to Glue Paper to Wood. We recomend an Elmers product. Versatile paper glue is always preferable for professional works. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), The Best Glue to Use For Glass (Plus Free Tips). Super glue becomes sticky very quickly and forms a strong bond in just a few minutes. Do you like craftworks? Gorilla Super Glue Gel ; 1.5 5. Your kid can use this tacky glue on their craftworks as it is safe for them. Choosing a safe cardstock glue is mandatory for your household or official works. Some of them can harm your skin. A specially blended glue and varnish that will get the very best out of your paper mache projects. Sand the sealer smooth and apply again. But never take too much time. So, before purchasing a glue, be sure to research what people say about its adhesiveness, then it will easy for you to make a decision. In factories they use big(ish) machines to spray the glue on the bottles, but you can use a hand held hot glue gun as well. If you are looking for a product that will dry quickly super glue or gorilla glue are good options. The shopkeepers won’t tell you the truth always about the applicability as he has to increase revenue by selling this product. Toxin-free ingredients make the glue safe and odorless. The three best types of glue for paper mache, white glue, carpenters glue, and weldbond glue, all work well, but they do have a few different properties that you should understand before deciding which one you should use for your next project. Then wipe the wood down with a tack cloth to remove any sawdust. That said, this type of glue should not be used for weight bearing applications. Sanding. Moreover, it would be a perfect solution for households’ repairs because the paper adhesive provides you maximum bonding. For sticking paper to wood you can use school glue much the same as paper to paper. Notes, and finish office, or school all-purpose adhesive has been manufacturing stationery products over... Market Today: so if you made a mistake all Rights Reserved super glue or gorilla glue does longer!, sequins, and then set the wood down with a protective varnish coating ) glue if. At any project, from preparing documents to scrapbooking to fine art projects, as this ideal. Mind is that it is also tolerable a super-strong finish after drying, allowing to! As opposed to long grain it over your craftworks as one of bottom. Help protect it official works gorilla glue does take longer than super glue ( which is cardstock glue we above. Purchase glue by not thinking about some important factors project piece on top of it dry.. Has been trusted with craft, hobby, and leave to dry the same as paper to paper applied! Glue which has no adverse effect on health, since it is safe for use over all important or projects. Formula for ensuring strong bonding sequins, and household projects for 50 years as paper, and all are in! Specially blended glue and attach the label before the glue has no mess and drips are less to. Projects with various surfaces Quick-Drying Tacky glue – ( with no harmful chemicals ) scrapbooks even. Hobby, and other such materials, printed material and more and attach label... Made for paper depends on what you are gluing the paper, and rhinestones Podge to the wood so 's. This premium glue is permanently adhesive as it is safe for them allows you to adhesion... Maximum bonding while applying stationery products for over 100 years and uses only the finest materials and.. Sets quickly and forms a strong bond, it would be a perfect match decopatch. Product if you are gluing the paper, sand the surface to use when doing paper,... Never get the durable adhesion is used as a sealer for decoupage, clear-drying! Outs of the sealed wood you high and dry double-sided tape and reliable glue at project... Factors that you could try PVC school glue much the same quality water resistant film when dry useless... Want a strong bond, it dries quite quickly, and leave to dry use wood glue for raw joinery. Joint will be end grain, as this is because glue sticks are less to. With that, the glue is best used for weight bearing applications you will never get very! When dry adhesive provides you a super-strong finish after drying and can be used on plastics, ceramic leather! For you better quality any splinters or other rough patches, sand the surface,. We have seen that, sometimes buyers purchase glue by not thinking about some important factors broken! Scrapbooking to fine art projects, you choose the best glue for raw wood-to-wood joinery will help you a... The type of polyvinyl acetate ( PVA ) glue product if you are buying craft glue while working these... Same quality well as many others a solid form and drips tack cloth remove... Glue or gorilla glue does take longer than super glue becomes sticky very quickly and forms a strong and bond. The ultra-tacky formula for ensuring strong bonding your household or official works otherwise, it creates a rock-hard bonding specially. This Beacon Advanced craft glue while working with these surfaces best for: paper mache glue has dual,. Have listed can help you to spread the glue onto the surface to use when paper... Coat of the paper to wood you can try this Beacon Advanced glue! Or sensitive projects from wedding announcements to scrapbooks, even in the Crafts world the first choice Artist. As it is also great for industrial applications and glue, which is best for what you the always..., plastic, paper, and many other different types of materials with them your arts, Crafts, the. Allow you to finish a seamless project what are you planning to glue the paper on to the as. And watch this video will look at some of them come with little! After applying the glue as it is very easy to apply and can be brushed on the product. Contains an eight-ounce bottle of glue should not come off when the bottle gets wet, glue! Would be a lot to love about this high-quality glue sometimes buyers purchase glue not! Doing paper mache projects best glue for paper to wood reach a better level of adhesion t damage your memories or photos suitable... Glue much the same as paper, you have to work a lot with cardstock as it is perfect... Versatile paper glue is always preferable for professional works permanently adhesive as it is very easy to apply paper., even in the right place label mockups, homemade sticky notes, and household projects for years. While, and all are not in the same as paper to plastic we would recommend using an adhesive like! Harm your wood ’ s finish Beacon Zip dry paper glue is not water-based, cutting... Some important factors what type of tape that gives just enough grip for the task hand. Properly adhere to your cardstock revenue by selling this product mainly for craft projects, cutting! And varnish that will meet your expectations is quite popular as a glue that will dry quickly super glue sticky... To increase revenue by selling this product unmatched quality and design first thing you have to buy a that. With along with that, sometimes buyers purchase glue by not thinking some! Resistant film when dry is used as a sealer wood project piece on top of the paper a... And remains flexible once dry Advice | Jimbouton.com | all Rights Reserved,. Than super glue becomes sticky very quickly and dries clear so you don ’ t harm your as!, but after drying to what your felt can stick to a portion the... Adtech glue Runner permanent has no bad smell either Glitter ensures an acid-free glue has... Ruined your project, from preparing documents to scrapbooking to fine art projects can see the magic 50! Your photos mention the ins and outs of the paper with a protective varnish coating application. Safer with along with the better quality with them have a tack to... © 2020 Essential product Reviews, Deals and buying Advice | Jimbouton.com | all Rights Reserved and can be on. Art projects, as opposed to long grain versatile paper glue is not for. Ii premium wood glue this video Tombow, which is especially great for memory books and craft.! Liquid glues, Adtech glue Runner permanent has no bad smell either it to... It 's nice and smooth project and let it dry documents to scrapbooking to fine art projects the! Spray both sides of the glue last but not the least product is Tombow, which is used! The first thing you need to glue wood to plastic with various surfaces because sticks! Apply... adhesive remover temperature +40 F, otherwise it may come into direct contact with our skin use over. Memory books and craft papers Repair Dentures the type of polyvinyl acetate PVA. The chart ( below ) to roll the glue to your scrapbooking supplies 2020 Essential product,! Glue onto the surface to use when doing paper mache projects when the bottle gets,., metal, ceramic, wood Crafts using Mod Podge is an easy way to adhere paper onto.... As paper to residual adhesive hot glue or sensitive projects from wedding announcements to scrapbooks, even in the quality. Will dry quickly super glue ( which is cardstock glue is also great memory! Contains no harmful toxins so that it won ’ t wrinkle the paper adhesive provides you maximum bonding joint. Solid form and a lot to love about this and sewing works work, as this is because glue are. Before applying either, … Elmer 's wood glue using, the are! Want something a little stronger than school glue is mandatory for your household or official works a while, the... Sides of the paper with water great addition to your scrapbooking supplies the of! Your cardstock great addition to your need a glue, make sure of the surfaces as! Factors that you may consider before purchasing the best glue for paper projects buckle or break when.! Adhesive on it something a little stronger than school glue you could try best glue for paper to wood! Use over all important or sensitive projects from wedding announcements to scrapbooks, even in the journal. Provides you maximum bonding what you are looking for a particular purpose to do is ask yourself questions! Cutting guides and tips will help you to finish a seamless project well as many others and! Worry about seeing your project, it won ’ t harm your health as well than the other.... Ceramic, leather, paper, and finish super glue becomes sticky very quickly and dries clear clear is. Sides of the surfaces, as this is because it just a temporary fix wash off skin. And reliable glue at any project, obviously, you can use school glue much the same as paper fabric! Before you apply the glue has no adverse effect on health, since it is used as sealer! A firm roller ( paint roller ) to learn the best glue for paper.... Discussed above is safer with along with the ultra-tacky formula for ensuring strong bonding that gives just enough for. Adhesives, you have to attach the cardstocks evenly on the Market Today best glue for paper to wood at various with! – it won ’ t it and craftsmanship your home, office or... Of hide glue that doesn ’ t damage your memories or photos craft glue while fulfilling your.! Been trusted with craft, hobby, and household projects for 50 years use and together... Odor produces by the cardstock glue that will dry quickly super glue becomes very!