[14] The lists were returned to Parliament later in 1642, being known the Protestation Returns. County map CAMBRIDGESHIRE: The Protestation Returns 1641-42 and other contemporary listings This page deals with the Protestation Returns 1641-42 for Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely and other associated listings covering 171 parishes. relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation." The Protestation Returns survive for about a third of English counties" I went to see if there would be one for all of Cheshire and it was not listed. Local Population Studies, 60. Finally, it did not allow Parliament to distinguish between Catholics and Protestants, due to the disparity between those that signed the list and known Catholics, as per the recusancy lists. The Return includes the names of two Bulleids: John, who is probably the John Bulleid who married Armynell Jeffery in Winkleigh in 1606 and died there if 1645. T he English Revolution (1640-60) began in November 1640 when Charles 1st. [10] The text of the oath that these Englishmen were asked to swear under was the following: "I, _ A.B. The House of Commons had passed the bill on the 21st of April and the House of Lords gave it a second reading on the 27th April. 0000000951 00000 n Protestation Returns House of Lords Records . The Protestation Returns are the closest record we have to a census from 1642. Most Englishmen, however, remained Catholic and conflicts and anxiety lingered. It was written on 3 May 1641 and passed in Parliament, soon all members of the House of Commons had swore under it and on the following day, so did the members of the House of Lords. The Protestation also fits in the timeline of the English Civil Wars, which shook the realm and altered its relationships. For an explanation of the background please read the Protestation Oath; The source for this transcription is "Cornwall Protestation Returns 1641" from a transcript (circa 1914) by Reginald Morshead Glencross, additional material by H L Douch, edited and published by T L Stoate 1974; The wildcard (%) is applied by default to the right hand side of some search terms. A full list of the 85 parishes that have been transcribed into EXCEL Format is given below the following transcription from Little Petherick. [22] On one side, the Cavaliers or Loyalists were followers of the Church of England that wanted to maintain the traditional forms of government in Church and State based on the monarch. The Protestation Return for Devon, 1641 Some men did not sign the Protestation themselves: (Westerne, John, Westerne, John and Westerne, Thomas) Richard Maunder being sick took and acknowledged the protestation the same day and year at home in his bed before Andrew Hosegood, constable and John Waterman, churchwarden. the changes made by Archbishop Laud), and to defend the king's person, the powers of … [18] Further, it prohibited any source of increased revenue for the Crown without Parliament consent, such as Charles I's Ship Tax. Starting in 1517, the Protestant Reformation of Martin Luther began the process of ending the Catholic hegemony in Western faith and its political consequences. Lists of those taking the oath in each parish were sent to Parliament in 1642. [4] The House of Commons and the House of Lords instead, led by John Pym, focused instead on protesting against the government and were quickly dissolved by Charles as an attack against the King, being known as the Short Parliament. Protestation Returns 1641-42 for Kingston Bagpuize 1641 oath of allegiance to Crown, Parliament and the Protestant religion. The Protestation Returns of 1641/2 and the Hearth Tax records which start in 1662 are two of the most important sources to genealogists pursuing their enquiries into the 17th century, especially as many of the parish records are incomplete during the period of upheaval which followed the outbreak of the English Civil War. [6] However, upon Strafford's failures in the battlefield and economic shortcomings from the expenses both English and Scottish armies, as Charles I was the King of both, he followed the advice of his Magnum Concillium, the House of Lords when the Parliament was not in section, and recalled Parliament to increase taxes and raise a new army to defeat the Scottish rebellion. Lists of those taking the oath in each parish were sent to Parliament in 1642. The Protestation Returns owe their existence to the unrest which prevailed in Parliament during the passage of the bill for the Attainder of the Earl of Strafford in 1641. 35 14 this present Protestation contained: and further, that I . Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Fifth Report of The Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts. The other, Elezein, is unknown. Imagine how great it could be to find a list of our Palin ancestors from 1641 in a new database! Given the outcome of the conflicts between Charles I and Parliament, it is clear in hindsight that the Protestation failed and was always bound to do so, but for people at the time under the constraints that they were under and being ignorant of the future, the Protestation was a valid try at avoiding a costly civil war. The Protestation was also a part of a context of political, religious, and social anxiety due to intense changes in a short period in England during the Early Modern era. Its intent was to prevent the conflicts between both factions from turning into a costly civil war.[9]. The Protestation of 1641 was an attempt to avert the English Civil War. You mightalso find this guide useful is you’re interested in a locality generally. The wildcard (%) is applied by default to the right hand side of some search terms. Taken in 1641-1642, these Protestation Returns are the nearest there is (for the next two hundred years) to a widespread census of adult males. Sherwood, Roy Edward, Oliver Cromwell: King In All But Name, 1653–1658, New York: St Martin's Press, 1997. Protestation Returns 1641/2 In 1641, Parliament organised a national protest aimed at Charles I. Transcribed from original returns on microfilm by Tony Higgins. The events of 1640/41 led to the Civil War which began in August 1642. preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three . When he asked the Speaker of the House of Commons about their location, William Lethal replied that he was a servant of Parliament and would not answer the king's requests. By order of the House of Commons, all adult men were asked to swear an oath of allegiance to the Protestant religion in 1642. Howard T.L. The only part of Cheshire listed was Chester. 48 0 obj<>stream From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who … [23], https://www.cornwall-opc-database.org/extra-searches/protestation-returns/protestation-oath-of-1641/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Protestation_of_1641&oldid=947619567, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Transcribed from original returns on microfilm by Tony Higgins. PROTESTATION RETURN 1641/2 I n 1642 Parliament ordered all males in England and Wales over the age of 18 to take an oath “ to live and die for the true Protestant religion, the liberties and rights of subjects, and the privilege of Parliament”. Those that refused to sign under it were also written in the list and were deemed unfit to sit in a public office. Carlton, Charles, Charles I: The Personal Monarch, Great Britain: Routledge, 1995. From this, stemmed the first oath of allegiance to King Charles I and to the Protestant Reformation in the Church of England. This is a disappointment. On the 6th May 1641 a Bill was introduced in the House of Commons imposing the signing of the Protestation on all Englishmen of 18 years and above. Purkiss, Diane, The English Civil War: A People's History, London: Harper Perennial, 2007. (Note: Ornate letters and unusual spellings introduce uncertainties.) Their names were duly inscribed in a list in each parish, and the list sent back to Parliament. Neither party was able to develop the conflicts further at this point, as the Irish, fearing the imposition of Protestantism in their Catholic land rebelled and that country descended into chaos. Charles and royalists were distrustful and resented by the continuous Parliamentary demands, which they saw as against the king's royal prerogative and position. The Protestation--a form of oath of loyalty--was initiated by the House of Commons to determine the number of Roman Catholics in England and to defend the Protestant religion from all forms of "Popery." Returns survive only for the University, none for the county. Extracted from Devon Protestation Returns 1641 by A.J. The English Revolution (1640-60) began in November 1640 when Charles 1st. ��O�Ŗ�A0��c�. endstream endobj 36 0 obj<>/Metadata 8 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 7 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/StructTreeRoot 10 0 R/Type/Catalog/Lang(EN-GB)/LastModified(D:20070222194908)/PageLabels 5 0 R>> endobj 37 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 38 0 obj<> endobj 39 0 obj<> endobj 40 0 obj<> endobj 41 0 obj<> endobj 42 0 obj<> endobj 43 0 obj<> endobj 44 0 obj<>stream Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland: and . Although Parliament only asked for the names of men aged over 18, in … endstream endobj 47 0 obj<>/Size 35/Type/XRef>>stream relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation." %%EOF An article by Tony Hadland for Catholic Ancestor, February 1997 On the 3rd of May 1641, fifteen months before the outbreak of the Civil War, the House of Commons drew up a Protestation Oath with six stated objectives: To defend "the true Reformed Protestant Religion, expressed in the doctrine of the Church of England, against… The final step was for the sheriffs and Judges of Peace to read it in Church and have all present sign it, which should be all of the population as they were obligated to go to church every Sunday under penalty of fine. All males over the age of 18 were required to sign a declaration (or oath) "to live and die for the true Protestant religion, the liberty and rights of subjects and the priviliges of Parliament". As conflicts escalated, both sides suspected of each other. In July 1641 Parliament passed a bill on 3 May requiring those over the age of 18 to sign the Protestation, an oath of allegiance to King Charles I and the Church of England, as a way to reduce the tensions across the realm. Protestation Returns in Cornwall (1641) Home Page Family History Social/Political Events Background to the Protestation Returns Ball Family Start 20 June 2012. Kelsey (2003). Vallance,E., Revolutionary England and the National Covenant: State Oaths, Protestantism, and the Political Nation, 1553–1682. However, the Protestation is an enlightening historical phenomenon that help us understand the process that led to the English Civil Wars and attempts that people made to avert a costly conflict, even from those at the center of the hostilities. 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